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Understanding Floor Heating Systems

Understanding Floor Heating Systems

What are floor-heating systems?

One of the most innovative home heating solutions of the 21st century is modern floor heating systems. Although these structures have been used since the time of the Ancient Romans, the innovative technology used today makes them more efficient, easier to control and cost effective. Floor warming systems may be wet or dry; wet warmup systems use warm water through pipes that are laid under the floor surface while dry systems use electrically heated coils. Floor warming relies on radiation to generate warmth throughout the room evenly and reduce the amount of dry air in the home.

How it works

The electrical heating structure uses thin heating elements that quickly and gently warmup the floor surface. The heating wire usually has fluoropolymer coatings and is as thin as 1.8mm to prevent it from raising the floor. You can choose the warmth-output of the system on purchase with high output systems suitable for high heat loss areas. The output of the wire is also determined by the spacing of the coils during installation. An underlay over the heating coil and under the floor surface increases the energy efficiency of the floors. Underlays are heat and colds resistant and moisture and mold resistant. You will also have access to controls and thermostat that enable you to choose the temperature of the system.

The floor warming systems’ efficiency greatly depends on its design and the level of insulation of the building. Combined with energy efficient house construction and design, the electrical system can be extremely useful in warming up the entire house especially in cold weather where you rely on indoor heating for a comfortable house environment.

Which kind of flooring do you need?

You can use these warmup structures on flooring surfaces such as stone, terracotta and ceramic tile floor, wood, linoleum and carpeted floors. Wood naturally expands and contracts with changes in temperature and moisture more than ceramic and stone tiles. If you have wooden flooring, it is advisable to float the wood boards on a layer of polythene foam with room for subtle movements. However, wooden floors are very responsive and ideal for sporadic heating needs. In order for carpet flooring to be effective with floor warming system, you will need to understand the tog value of the carpet and underlay. It should be preferably 2.5 or less to avoid the carpet insulating the warmth and preventing it from radiating to the rest of the room.

Choosing the best floor warming system

When choosing the kind of systems to buy, it is advisable to avoid the precut sizes as this means you need to suit the project to the system you buy rather than customizing the heating elements to your project needs. Find a supplier that customizes size and strength of the products to make the warming system easier to install and better suited to your home. Remember when choosing a product, price does not denote quality, look at the product specifications such as warming capacity, durability, ease of installation and energy efficiency rating to pick the best product.